|Title||Slow Cortical Potentials regulation in epilepsy: a short account on the use of Brain Computer Interfaces as neuromodulation treatment|
|Publication Type||Conference Paper|
|Year of Publication||2010|
|Authors||Athanasiou, Alkinoos, Karlas Aggelos, Lithari Chrysa, and Bamidis Panagiotis|
|Conference Name||7th European Symposium on Biomedical Engineering|
|Conference Location||Halkidiki, Greece|
While the field of brain computer interfaces (BCIs) has produced impressive results regarding movement and communication restoration in patients with disability, among its less known clinical applications lie the array of treatment-resistant epileptic conditions. The control of BCI systems relies on brain activity control and regulation and it was to be expected that such systems would be tested for the regulation of abnormal brain activation in epilepsy. A few electroencephalographic (EEG) features have been used as BCI modalities for that cause. Such features are the slow cortical potentials (SCPs) and sensorimotor rhythm (SMR) regulation, and have been tested on epileptic patients with promising results. These methods – especially when used as supplementary to classic treatment - have produced superior results and appear to benefit long-term seizure suppression, seizure prevention and improvement of life quality. In certain cases an increase in cognitive functioning and IQ score has been observed.