TitleQuantitative multichannel EEG measure predicting the optimal weaning from ventilator in ICU patients with acute respiratory failure.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2006
AuthorsPapadelis, Christos, Maglaveras Nikos, Kourtidou-Papadeli Chrysoula, Bamidis Panagiotis, Albani Maria, Chatzinikolaou Kyriazis, and Pappas Konstantinos
JournalClin Neurophysiol
Date Published2006 Apr
KeywordsVentilator Weaning

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to develop a novel quantitative multichannel EEG (qEEG) based analysis method, called Global Field Damping Time (GFDT), in order to detect potential EEG changes of patients admitted to the ICU with acute respiratory failure, and correlate them to the patients' recovery outcome predicting the optimal time-point to disconnect the patient from mechanical ventilation.METHODS: Twenty-nine adult patients with acute respiratory failure out of 98 admitted to the Intensive Care Unit of Saint Paul General Hospital were enrolled, and among them only 15 completed the study. The patients were classified in 3 groups according to their outcome after 3 months follow-up. The patients were intubated with fraction of inspired oxygen (FiO2) of 100%. Neurological Deficit Scores (NDS) were measured 24 h after intubation to assess patients' neurological condition. Twenty-four hours after patient's intubation, FiO2 was decreased to 40% (weaning session), followed by a 5 min early recovery session, a 5 min recovery 1 session and a 5 min recovery 2 session. EEG recordings were performed during this experimental procedure. Multichannel EEG segments were processed and fitted into a multivariate autoregressive (mAR) model, and single channel EEG segments into a scalar autoregressive (sAR) model. The mAR and the sAR models of arbitrary order p were decomposed into mp and p oscillators and relaxators, respectively. Damping time of each oscillator and each relaxator, and the Global Field Damping Time (GFDT) as a weighted damping time were estimated for both mAR and sAR models.RESULTS: A statistically significant increase of mAR model's GFDT during the weaning session was observed in the subjects of all groups. Comparing the 3 patients' groups, statistically significant differences for mAR model's GFDT were observed for the weaning and early recovery session. Linear regression analysis between NDS and mean mAR model's GFDT showed statistical significance during weaning session, early recovery session, and recovery 1 session. There was no statistical significance for SaO2 in the regression analysis with NDS. The sAR model's GFDT presented worst results in comparison with the mAR modelling GFDT in the identification of hypoxic conditions during weaning session and in the discrimination of patients with acute respiratory failure according to their neurological outcome.CONCLUSIONS: Global Field Damping Time as correlated to the patients' neurological outcome appears to be a simple, compact, and substantial novel indicator of cerebral hypoxia and a potential predictor of the optimal time-point to disconnect the patient from the ventilator.SIGNIFICANCE: Quantitative EEG seems to be an important tool for ICU clinicians assisting them to decide for the patients' optimal time-point to disconnect the patient from the ventilator.